Early childhood care and development (ECCD)
ECCD is a field of endeavor that focuses on supporting young children’s development. Early childhood encompasses the period of human development from prenatal through the transition from home or ECCD centre into the early primary grades (prenatal – 8 years of age). ECCD links the young child’s cognitive, social, emotional, and physical processes with the care (by families, communities and the nation) required to support their development. Framed by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the ECCD field is interdisciplinary in its focus. It includes health, nutrition, education, social science, economics, child protection, and social welfare. The ECCD field strives to ensure young children’s overall well-being during the early years, thereby providing the foundation for the development of adults who are healthy, socially and environmentally responsible, intellectually competent, and economically productive.