The case studies describe how countries have used local, national and international evidence, partnerships and know-how to support children and young people.
This European benchmark which is part of the Education and Training 2020 Strategy calls for greater access for children from disadvantaged backgrounds.
It discusses the creation of a national integrated early childhood programme in Chile, which attempted to close the gaps between rich and poor households in terms of developmental delays, social–emotional problems and language delays. Participation in early childhood education increased tremendously as a result, however, concerns were raised about the quality of children’s experiences as well as the quality of the workforce, and the programme had minimal impact on child development outcomes.
Since 1996, Namibia has been building a national, integrated set of early childhood policies and legal frameworks, with a strong emphasis on building equity across poverty lines. As in many countries, however, increases in access have not accompanied by improvements in the quality of services. In particular, the workforce is starkly different in terms of qualifications and remuneration between the younger (birth to 4 years) and older (5 to 9 years) age groups.